Emile durkheim is a founding father of structural-consensus theory known as functionalism this theory looks as society as a whole, known in sociology as a macro theory due to not looking at individuals or individual problems but at society as a group or sub cultures.
Durkheim is a consensus theorist, he supports the view that religion is a conservative force in society, reinforcing the existing society of society he argued that religion should not be explained in terms of human ignorance, but as a result of shared social needs. Explore durkheim's contribution to sociological theory emile durkheim was born in france, and is widely regarded as the 'founding father' who put sociology on a professional footing in france in particular, and paved the way for this professionalisation to occur across the rest of europe he is now widely regarded as the 'father' of the so-called structural-functionalist approach in sociology: an approach developed by the north american sociologists talcott parsons, and roberts merton.
Durkheim's other important contribution to sociological theory, was his work on social values and alienation, and his functionalist approach to social phenomena, and the division of labour the work of durkheim is now conventionally described as a functionalist approach to society whereby society is seen as a unity of integrated working parts. Consensus theory quick reference a generic term for sociological theories positing the core principle of social life as consensus, and seeing common experiences, interests, and values as the defining characteristic of a population or a society. Within functionalist theory, the different parts of society are primarily composed of social institutions, each of which is designed to fill different needs, and each of which has particular consequences for the form and shape of society. Durkheim begins with a very different premise his approach is usually called functionalism the functionalist view focuses on the role of social objects or actors, that is, on what they do durkheim believed that harmony, rather than conflict, defined society.
Emile durkheim developed theories of social structure that included functionalism, the division of labor, and anomie these theories were founded on the concept of social facts, or societal norms, values, and structures functionalism is a concept with three integral elements first, it is a society made up of interrelated parts. Consensus theory is the belief that members of a society or culture have the same values and norms, creating a social consensus at the forefront of this thinking is emile durkheim, being one of the first to explore this shared value system and its role in the evolution of society. Consensus theory is a social theory that holds a particular political or economic system is a fair system, and that social change should take place within the social institutions provided by it consensus theory contrasts sharply with conflict theory, which holds that social change is only achieved through conflict.
Emile durkheim developed theories of social structure that included functionalism, the division of labor, and anomie these theories were founded on the concept of social facts , or societal norms, values, and structures.
Durkheim's theory of social class prof timothy shortell, department of sociology, brooklyn college, cuny division of labor & social integration though durkheim was a contemporary of weber, his work was vastly different both marx and weber are usually referred to as conflict theorists.