Condemned to death or exile by the athenian government for his teaching methods which aroused scepticism and impiety in his students, socrates heroicly rejected exile and accepted death from hemlock for months, david and his friends debated and discussed the importance of this picture.
In 399 bce, socrates — the father of greek philosophy — was put on trial for impiety and corrupting the youth of athens at the time, socrates was a controversial figure in the city and not particularly liked. Plato’s account of socrates’ death (from the phaedo - 115b-118b) [the character phaedo is narrating the account of socrates’ death to his friend echecrates] nothing new, crito, said socrates, just what i am always telling you. The death of socrates (french: la mort de socrate) is an oil on canvas painted by french painter jacques-louis david in 1787 the painting focuses on a classical subject like many of his works from that decade, in this case the story of the execution of socrates as told by plato in his phaedo.
Socrates was found guilty by a vote of 280 to 220 the jurors were next asked to determine socrates' penalty his accusers argued for the death penalty socrates was given the opportunity to suggest his own punishment and could probably have avoided death by recommending exile. Socrates was 70 years old and familiar to most athenians his anti-democratic views had turned many in the city against him two of his students, alcibiades and critias, had twice briefly overthrown the democratic government of the city, instituting a reign of terror in which thousands of citizens were deprived of their property and either banished from the city or executed. In 399 bc, having been accused by the athenian government of impiety and of corrupting young people with his teachings, the philosopher socrates was tried, found guilty, and offered the choice of renouncing his beliefs or drinking the cup of hemlock. Socrates was born circa 470 bc, in athens, greece we know of his life through the writings of his students, including plato and xenophon his socratic method, laid the groundwork for western systems of logic and philosophy when the political climate of greece turned, socrates was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning in 399 bc.
By contrasting the movements of the energetic but firmly controlled socrates, and his swooning disciples, through the distribution of light and dark accents, david transforms what might have been only a fashionable picture of martyrdom to a clarion call for nobility and self-control even in the face of death.
Death of socrates socrates's death is described at the end of plato's phaedo, although plato was not himself present at the execution. Sentenced to death, socrates reflected that it might be a blessing: either a dreamless sleep, or an opportunity to converse in the underworld while the sacred ship was on its journey to delos, no executions were allowed in the city.
The trial and death of socrates socrates apology a friend, in consulting the oracle at delphi, asked was any man wiser than socrates the oracle replied that there were not upon being told of this answer socrates maintained that this implied that he, alone, had this claim to wisdom - that he fully recognised his own ignorance. Socrates and his followers expanded the purpose of philosophy from trying to understand the outside world to trying to tease apart one’s inner values his passion for definitions and hair-splitting questions inspired the development of formal logic and systematic ethics from the time of aristotle through the renaissance and into the modern era.
Socrates is on trial for his life he will be put to death and he knows it 2500 years later we remember his words the death of socrates was filmed in 10 countries by 23 filmmakers in 7 languages. Socrates: politics and the ideal death socrates avoided political involvement where he could and counted friends on all sides of the fierce power struggles following the end of the peloponnesian war.